How to grow garden
How to Grow Avocados How to Grow Avocados
Learn how to grow Avocados with our easy step by step guide. Read more here.
How to grow Strawberries How to grow Strawberries
Learn how to grow your own Strawberries with our step by step guide.
How to grow Courgette How to grow Courgette
Courgette aka Zucchini are a part of the wider marrow family, fast and easy to grow the are a popular summer crop. Easily stored as can be frozen for use in hearty winter soups and stews.
How to grow Chinese Cabbage How to grow Chinese Cabbage
Looking to get adventurous in the vegetable garden this summer why not plant some Chinese cabbage or sometimes referred to as celery cabbage, snow cabbage, peking cabbage or more commonly pak choi or bok choy.
How to grow Chillies How to grow Chillies
Chillies are a very fussy crop to grow. But if you are like us here at how to grow gardening you will love the pleasure that is obtained by growing your own Chillies. Nothing beats using them in the kitchen fresh from the garden! Or if you are like me and your eyes are bigger than your stomach using them year round from the freezer.
How to grow Verbena How to grow Verbena
Learn how to grow Verbena with our step by step guide.
How to grow Gladioli How to grow Gladioli
Learn How to grow Gladioli with our easy step by step guide.
How to grow Mesculun Salad Greens How to grow Mesculun Salad Greens
Learn how to grow Mesculun Salad Greens with our easy step by step guide.
How to grow Lilies How to grow Lilies
Learn How to grow Lilies with our easy step by step guide.
How to grow Daphne How to grow Daphne
Learn how to grow Daphne with our simple step by step guide.
How to grow Mustard Greens How to grow Mustard Greens
Learn how to grow Mustard Greens with our simple step by step guide. Mustard greens, also known as Indian mustard, Chinese mustard and leaf mustard, is a species of mustard plant.
How to grow Onions How to grow Onions
Learn how to grow Onions with our simple step by step guide. The onion is the one of the most widely cultivated and popular plants
How to grow Polyanthus How to grow Polyanthus
Learn how to grow Polyanthus with our simple detailed guide.
How to grow Shallots How to grow Shallots
Learn how to grow Shallots with our easy step by step guide. Shallots, as a variety of onion, taste like common onions, but have a sweeter, milder, richer and more complex flavour.
How to grow Campanula How to grow Campanula
Learn how to grow Campanula's with our easy step by step guide.

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How to grow Carnations

How to grow Carnations

Learn how to grow Carnations in your garden. Carnation are some of the oldest flowers in the world, being cultivated for the last 2000 years, and probably native to the Mediterranean region.

Carnations belong to the species of Dianthus, with the name coming from Greek (dianthus meaning ‘heavenly flower’). Carnations are lightly perfumed perennial plants, which can grow up to 80cm tall, with greyish green leaves and a single or up to five flowers appearing together.

The natural colour of the flowers is bright shade of pink or purple, but other cultivars bearing white, yellow and red have also been developed. These plants require a spot of full sun, and well-drained, neutral to slightly alkaline soil. As carnations are used to express love and fascination, they are often worn on special occasions, especially Mother's Day and weddings. They are often referred to in old herbals as clove gill flowers, which were used to flavour beverages like wines and ales.

How to grow Carnations in Pots

If your are growing carnations in pots, put two roots in an 11-in. pot, filled with light, turfy loam, well drained (too much moisture being injurious), pressing the earth firmly round the roots. Stand them on a bed of ashes in a sheltered position, and when the flower-stems appear, stake and tie up carefully. As the buds swell thin out the weakly ones. To prevent them bursting unevenly put an india-rubber ring round the bud, or tie it with raffia.

They will flourish in the open borders even in towns if planted in light loam, and may be propagated by layers. Choose for this purpose fine outside shoots, not those which have borne flowers. Cut off all the lower leaves, leaving half a dozen near the top untouched. Make incisions on the under sides of the layers, just below the third joint.

Peg down, and cover the stems with equal quantities of leaf-mould and light loam. Do not water them till the following day. The young plants may be separated and potted off as soon as they have taken root. They may also be increased by pipings. Fill the pots nearly to the top with light, rich mould and fill up with silver sand. Break off the pipings at the third joint, then in each piping cut a little upward slit, plant them pretty thickly in the sand, and place the pot on a gentle hotbed, or on a bed of sifted coal ashes.

Put on the sashes, and keep the plants shaded from the sun till they have taken root, then harden off gradually, and place each of the young plants separately in a small pot. Carnations may also be grown from seed sown in spring. When the seedlings have made six or eight leaves, prick them out into pots or beds. They will flower the following year. The beds must be well drained, as stagnant wet is very injurious to them.

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